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TRADITIONAL CULTURE

S’Estol del Rei en JaumeS’Estol del Rei en Jaume

S’Estol del Rei en JaumeS’Estol del Rei en Jaume

S’Estol del Rei en JaumeS’Estol del Rei en Jaume

S’Estol del Rei en JaumeS’Estol del Rei en Jaume

S’Estol del Rei en JaumeS’Estol del Rei en Jaume

S’Estol del Rei en Jaume

The essence of this group is based upon the will to build a grouping of characters for street processions, in a cheerful manner but at the same time deeply rooted into the historical, literary and traditional identity of Mallorca. The group’s own title already shows this from the moment it takes the name of the main historical character of our islands as its denomination: the king James I( Rei En Jaume), who by taking the islands from the Muslims incorporates them to the Catalan and Christian medieval world. This remarkable monarch will inspire many legends, myths, poems, popular narrations...etc

The inclusion of Ramón Llull as the second most important character, indisputable beginning of the Catalan language and literature, philosopher, mystic... makes up another reference point for this acknowledged grouping.

S’Estol del Rei en Jaume parades the streets every year, the evening before Alcudia’s fair, which is always celebrated the first Sunday of October. It was a project conceived by Sarau Alcudienc the year 1988, but the year 1990 it was handed over to Alcudia’s Town Hall, the current owner. Since then, Sarau Alcudienc is in charge of its management.

These characters and their costumes were designed by Antoni Bibiloni, president of our traditional culture centre, who also created the accompaniment music and dance.

Apart from the characters already mentioned, the grouping is completed by l’Amo de so na Moixa, na Maria Enganxa, na Pixedis Bruta, en Tòfol Mentider, en Gori Dolenties, sa Jaia Tonina i el Rei Moro.

A common characteristic of all of them is their well cared for costumes and presentation. This does not stop them from being a cheerful and very active on the streets. These characteristics have made them take part at the Traditional show fair at Manresa, the Mercè celebrations of Barcelona, the Santa Tecla celebrations of Tarragona, the Medieval fair of Ibiza...

Each of the characters maintains a particular feature in the moment of the parade:

-El Rei En Jaume: Dances to the tune of bagpipes and the traditional flute (flabiol). He is smartly dressed and, when he is finished dancing, gives candy to the youngest. He represents an essential part of our island history.

-En Ramon Llull: As the great writer he was, he gives out letters which he takes from the “Llibre de les Bèsties” (the book of the beasts) which he carries in his hands, only those letters are made from sweet biscuits!

-L’Amo de so na Moixa: It represents a half-crazed miller, which throws flour into the air (like in the rondalla which carries his name) and causes the funniest situations. This giant-headed figure is considered to be one of the most appropriate, when it comes to proportion, of the traditional Majorcan world.

-Sa Jaia Tonina: Symbolises a fairy dressed as an old woman, just as in popular stories. As it is a magical character, it gives out “magic sweets” (traditional Majorcan sweets) which are kept for the youngest of the celebration.

-En Gori Dolenties ( de “dolent”) i en Tòfol Mentider: Represent human vices. To the first, for being so stupid has grown donkey ears. To the second, for saying lies, has grown an enormous horn in its forehead (following Majorcan tradition that is what can happen to kids who tell lies). They carry brooms in their hands, and run after boys and girls, slapping them, causing them to race through the streets.

-Na Pixedis Bruta: With this character pretentious people are satirised. It is a girl dressed in pink silk, frills and laces; she tries being refined but deep down she is gross and coarse. That is why she dirties and blackens the face of boys and girls with a paste she carries in her handbag. She is one of the funniest characters.

-Na Maria Enganxa: Symbolises a “water woman”. In Majorca it is the figure which traditionally has been used to stop children from looking down wells (it was common that some fell into them and drowned). It is a very noisy character which chases children.

-El Rei Moro: It is the opponent of king James I; represents the last valí (Muslim ruler) of the islands. He defies king James and executes a warrior dance to the music. It is an eye-catching character, both he and king James dance throughout the whole parade.